Uric acid : Causes and Consequences
Recent studies show that having a high level of uric acid (hyperuricemia) increases the chances of heart disease. When uric acid rises, it decreases nitric acid, which is responsible for the blood vessels to constrict and relax. If these movements are not performed in a proper manner, it increases the stiffness of the blood vessels, promoting hypertension and elevated cholesterol.
Nitric acid is also needed for insulin to absorb glucose. Many people believe that only the abuse of alcohol, red meat and seafood increased levels of uric acid, but in fact there are multiple factors that can cause hyperuricemia.
The body produces Uric Acid much or does not remove well.
Sometimes it accumulates because the body produces a large amount, but it may also be because the body does not remove properly. The problem may be genetic. If the family members have problems regulating uric acid, you may have tendency to produce more uric acid than is needed.
Tip: When increasing uric acid is genetic is not to let our guard down. While the typical “gout attacks” that cause severe pain in the big toe or renal colic can warn of the presence of hyperuricemia, often causes no symptoms. For this reason it is essential periodic blood tests done to check levels.
When what is the kidney fails: an excess of uricacid may be harmful to the kidney, but the opposite relationship is also given. The kidney is the organ responsible for filtering uric acid through the urine and does not operate correctly, that substance can accumulate excessively, so they are more likely to suffer from hyperuricemia people suffering chronic kidney inflammation (nephritis) .
Tip: consult a specialist if back pain that extends to the front, accompanied by fever, dark urine and little or bloody suffer, and if your feet or knees are swollen.
Medications can influence. Certain diuretics prevent the body properly eliminate uricacid through urine. The same goes for aspirin.
Tip: If you are taking this kind of medication and it tends to generate excess uric acid, you should consult a doctor.
What can happen if there is too much uric acid
Renal colic.:- Uric acid has a tendency to accumulate in the form of sharp crystals in the body. If these crystals are excreted in the urine as stones, can cause renal colic and pain when urinating.
Gout attacks. The crystals can accumulate in joints, especially in the big toe, causing painful swelling usually on the fingertip. In addition, the skin reddens and it sensitizes area.
chronic gouty arthritis. If uric acid crystals in the joints continue to accumulate for a long time, chronic pain can occur in the hands, wrist and elbow.
Other factors influencing the increase of uric acid
It can occur for no breakfast. If not eat breakfast, the body uses fat instead of sugar for energy, and produces ketones which impede the elimination of uric acid in the urine.
Tip: You should make all meals and avoid foods high in purines, as they facilitate the creation of uric acid crystals. Another tip is to eat rabbit meat instead of red meat.
Overweight. It is known that being obese or overweight hampers the elimination of uricacid naturally, and relationship with increased production. A study by the American College of Rheumatology showed that for every kilo that an overweight person loses 5% reduces the risk of hyperuricemia.
Tip: try to lose weight, but do so gradually to avoid gout attacks during the process.
Drinks. According to the American College of Rheumatology, people who consume a sugary drink a day have a 74% more likely to develop gout than those who do not consume these beverages. This is because the excess sucrose in the body produces uricacid forming substances.
Precautions should be taken also with alcoholic beverage you consume twice daily increases 2.5 times the risk of gout. Brewer’s yeast, being digested, also generates uric acid.
Tip: besides avoiding these drinks, you should take 2.5 liters of water a day to facilitate its removal through urine and prevent dehydration, also associated with high levels of uric acid.